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Education Zone Australia for Education resourcesEducation Zone Australia
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MAIN CATEGORIES

Education

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School

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SUB CATEGORIES


Additional Education links:

also see:
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Visit our community to browse all
Web Links

Popular Education Top Site submissions from our community
500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR
ERROR 500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

Why am I seeing this page?

500 errors usually mean that the server has encountered an unexpected condition that prevented it from fulfilling the request made by the client. This is a general error class returned by a web server when it encounters a problem in which the server itself can not be more specific about the error condition in its response to the client.

In many cases this is not an indication of an actual problem with the server itself but rather a problem with the information the server has been instructed to access or return as a result of the request. This error is often caused by an issue on your site which may require additional review by your web host.

Please contact your web host for further assistance.

Is there anything that I can do?

There are a few common causes for this error code including problems with the individual script that may be executed upon request. Some of these are easier to spot and correct than others.

File and Directory Ownership

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files and directories be owned by your specific user cPanel user. If you have made changes to the file ownership on your own through SSH please reset the Owner and Group appropriately.

File and Directory Permissions

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files such as HTML, Images, and other media to have a permission mode of 644. The server also expects the permission mode on directories to be set to 755 in most cases.

(See the Section on Understanding Filesystem Permissions.)

Command Syntax Errors in .htaccess file

In the .htaccess file, you may have added lines that are conflicting with each other or that are not allowed.

If you would like to check a specific rule in your .htaccess file you can comment that specific line in the .htaccess by adding # to the beginning of the line. You should always make a backup of this file before you start making changes.

For example, if the .htaccess looks like

DirectoryIndex default.html
AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Then try something like this

DirectoryIndex default.html
#AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Note: Due to the way in which the server environments are setup you may not use php_value arguments in a .htaccess file.

Exceeded Process Limits

It is possible that this error is caused by having too many processes in the server queue for your individual account. Every account on our server may only have 25 simultaneous processes active at any point in time whether they are related to your site or other processes owned by your user such as mail.

ps faux

Or type this to view a specific user's account (be sure to replace username with the actual username):

ps faux |grep username

Once you have the process ID ("pid"), type this to kill the specific process (be sure to replace pid with the actual process ID):

kill pid

Your web host will be able to advise you on how to avoid this error if it is caused by process limitations. Please contact your web host. Be sure to include the steps needed to see the 500 error on your site.

Understanding Filesystem Permissions

Symbolic Representation

The first character indicates the file type and is not related to permissions. The remaining nine characters are in three sets, each representing a class of permissions as three characters. The first set represents the user class. The second set represents the group class. The third set represents the others class.

Each of the three characters represent the read, write, and execute permissions:

  • r if reading is permitted, - if it is not.
  • w if writing is permitted, - if it is not.
  • x if execution is permitted, - if it is not.

The following are some examples of symbolic notation:

  • -rwxr-xr-x a regular file whose user class has full permissions and whose group and others classes have only the read and execute permissions.
  • crw-rw-r-- a character special file whose user and group classes have the read and write permissions and whose others class has only the read permission.
  • dr-x------ a directory whose user class has read and execute permissions and whose group and others classes have no permissions.

Numeric Representation

Another method for representing permissions is an octal (base-8) notation as shown. This notation consists of at least three digits. Each of the three rightmost digits represents a different component of the permissions: user, group, and others.

Each of these digits is the sum of its component bits As a result, specific bits add to the sum as it is represented by a numeral:

  • The read bit adds 4 to its total (in binary 100),
  • The write bit adds 2 to its total (in binary 010), and
  • The execute bit adds 1 to its total (in binary 001).

These values never produce ambiguous combinations. each sum represents a specific set of permissions. More technically, this is an octal representation of a bit field – each bit references a separate permission, and grouping 3 bits at a time in octal corresponds to grouping these permissions by user, group, and others.

Permission mode 0755

4+2+1=7
Read, Write, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute

Permission mode 0644

4+2=6
Read, Write
4
Read
4
Read

How to modify your .htaccess file

The .htaccess file contains directives (instructions) that tell the server how to behave in certain scenarios and directly affect how your website functions.

Redirects and rewriting URLs are two very common directives found in a .htaccess file, and many scripts such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento add directives to the .htaccess so those scripts can function.

It is possible that you may need to edit the .htaccess file at some point, for various reasons.This section covers how to edit the file in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(You may need to consult other articles and resources for that information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a .htaccess File

  • Edit the file on your computer and upload it to the server via FTP
  • Use an FTP program's Edit Mode
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit a .htaccess file for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit .htaccess files in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the .htaccess file in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the .htaccess File

  1. Right click on the .htaccess file and click Code Edit from the menu. Alternatively, you can click on the icon for the .htaccess file and then click on the Code Editor icon at the top of the page.
  2. A dialogue box may appear asking you about encoding. Just click Edit to continue. The editor will open in a new window.
  3. Edit the file as needed.
  4. Click Save Changes in the upper right hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

How to modify file and directory permissions

The permissions on a file or directory tell the server how in what ways it should be able to interact with a file or directory.

This section covers how to edit the file permissions in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(See the section on what you can do for more information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a File Permissions

  • Use an FTP program
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit file permissions for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit file permissions in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the file or directory in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the Permissions

  1. Right click on the file or directory and click Change Permissions from the menu.
  2. A dialogue box should appear allowing you to select the correct permissions or use the numerical value to set the correct permissions.
  3. Edit the file permissions as needed.
  4. Click Change Permissions in the lower left hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

Visit our community to Browse all
Top Sites


The Education related links listed on this page are voted on by staff and members from those links submitted to the Top Sites and WebLinks section of the All New Gameznet Community Portal .




Education Video and audio files, animated gifs and other cool media!
Education Pictures and Image files!

Find Education How To's




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More Education Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: Education


More Education links
at the click of your mouse

We could not possibly give you absolutely all of the great Australian education related pages out there so I have "pre-searched" for them using the keyword term "education" in a number of major resource and reference sites as well as some of the major Australian search engines.
Just click any one of the search engine links listed below to see a new page launch with the search results for the Keyword "education"

AU Search Engines
 
Giga Blast - Notice the tons of related searches at the top of the page (not aussie but a good resource for worldwide sites)
 

Find Localised Education Links and Websites
Education Zone USA LinksUSA

Research and Reference Sites

Research education using the following reference sites:

HighBeam Research - 32 million documents from leading publications. See what they have archived for " education"
Merriam-Webster - See Merriam Websters results for the word education and search for other definitions
Reference.com - View the word education at reference.com for loads of references
Thesaurus.com - See what the Thesaurus says about the word education
Encarta - education articles provided by from Microsoft Encarta
Britanica - Britanica has some great references to education
encyclopedia.com encyclopedia.com is always good for finding more info
National Geographic is sure to provide some great material on education

Browse for Education related News, media reports, research and reference links in our Education News Section

Learn how to get your Education related website listed in search engines




SUBMITTING Education RESOURCES



 


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Educational links

Educational links

ebay is a great place to look for Educational items for sale Would you like to know if theres any mention of Educational in the news.
Educational products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites. Are you looking for Educational related conversations ?
Have you checked our Picture Gallery for Educational Pictures ? Did you take a look for Educational animated Gifs
see if Educational themes appear in our collection of Education games Want to know where we got most of our Educational affiliate content ?
See what Educational items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!  


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


Educational Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
Educational Pictures and Image files!

Find Educational How To's


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More Educational Links
- from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: Educational


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Find Educational in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

School links

School links
School ebay auctions are a great place to source School items for sale at auctions..
Find any articles related to School in the news
School products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian sites. We help you locate the best places to shop for School related parafenalia.
School forums and communities
School related Pictures, Photos, Wallpapers, Posters and printed products
Take a look at some School animated gifs

see if School themes appear in our collection of Education games

Discover where you can find School
content to place in your own website.

COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!



Find School How To's


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More School Links
- from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: School

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find School in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

Courses links

Courses links
ebay is a great place to look for Courses items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of Courses in the news.
Courses products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Are you looking for Courses related conversations ?

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for Courses Pictures ?

Did you take a look for Courses animated Gifs

see if Courses themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our Courses affiliate content ?

See what Courses items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 

COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!



Courses Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
Courses Pictures and Image files!

Find Courses How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More Courses Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: Courses

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find Courses in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

Teachers links

Teachers links
ebay is a great place to look for Teachers items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of Teachers in the news.
Teachers products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Are you looking for Teachers related conversations ?

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for Teachers Pictures ?

Did you take a look for Teachers animated Gifs

see if Teachers themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our Teachers affiliate content ?

See what Teachers items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 

COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


Find Teachers How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More Teachers Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: Teachers

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find Teachers in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

Parents links

Parents links
ebay is a great place to look for Parents items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of Parents in the news.
Parents products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Are you looking for Parents related conversations ?

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for Parents Pictures ?

Did you take a look for Parents animated Gifs

see if Parents themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our Parents affiliate content ?

See what Parents items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


Find Parents How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More Parents Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: Parents

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find Parents in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

Top of Page Top of Page

 

self education links

self education links
ebay is a great place to look for self education items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of self education in the news.
self education products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for self education Pictures ?

Did you take a look for self education animated Gifs

see if self education themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our self education affiliate content ?

See what self education items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!

Find self education How To's


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More self education Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: self education



[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Find self education in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

lessons links

lessons links
ebay is a great place to look for lessons items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of lessons in the news.
lessons products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Are you looking for lessons related conversations ?

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for lessons Pictures ?

Did you take a look for lessons animated Gifs

see if lessons themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our lessons affiliate content ?

See what lessons items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


Find lessons How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More lessons Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: lessons

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find lessons in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

college links

college links
ebay is a great place to look for college items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of college in the news.
college products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Are you looking for college related conversations ?

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for college Pictures ?

Did you take a look for college animated Gifs

see if college themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our college affiliate content ?

See what college items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


Find college How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More college Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: college


[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find college in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

preschool links

preschool links
ebay is a great place to look for preschool items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of preschool in the news.
preschool products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Are you looking for preschool related conversations ?

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for preschool Pictures ?

Did you take a look for preschool animated Gifs

see if preschool themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our preschool affiliate content ?

See what preschool items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


Find preschool How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More preschool Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: preschool

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find preschool in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

back to school links

back to school links
ebay is a great place to look for back to school items for sale
Would you like to know if theres any mention of back to school in the news.
back to school products and merchandise can be found in many fine Australian shopping sites.

Have you checked our Picture Gallery for back to school Pictures ?

Did you take a look for back to school animated Gifs

see if back to school themes appear in our collection of Education games

Want to know where we got most of our back to school affiliate content ?

See what back to school items are listed today at 3 major ebay sites!

 


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


back to school Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
back to school Pictures and Images!

Find back to school How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More back to school Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: back to school


[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Find back to school in the following AU Search Engines
 

Top of Page Top of Page



university links


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


university Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
university Pictures and Images!

Find university How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More university Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: university

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Find university in the following AU Search Engines
 


tuition links


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


tuition Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
tuition Pictures and Images!

Find tuition How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More tuition Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: tuition

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Find tuition in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

kindergarten links


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


kindergarten Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
kindergarten Pictures and Images!

Find kindergarten How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More kindergarten Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: kindergarten

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Find kindergarten in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

learn links


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


learn Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
learn Pictures and Images!

Find learn How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More learn Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: learn

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Find learn in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

study links


COOL handpicked links coming here SOON!


study Video files, animated gifs and other cool media!
study Pictures and Images!

Find study How To's


[an error occurred while processing this directive]
More study Links - from the ODP

Search our Community for the term: study

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Find study in the following AU Search Engines
 

 

 

500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

ERROR 500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

Why am I seeing this page?

500 errors usually mean that the server has encountered an unexpected condition that prevented it from fulfilling the request made by the client. This is a general error class returned by a web server when it encounters a problem in which the server itself can not be more specific about the error condition in its response to the client.

In many cases this is not an indication of an actual problem with the server itself but rather a problem with the information the server has been instructed to access or return as a result of the request. This error is often caused by an issue on your site which may require additional review by your web host.

Please contact your web host for further assistance.

Is there anything that I can do?

There are a few common causes for this error code including problems with the individual script that may be executed upon request. Some of these are easier to spot and correct than others.

File and Directory Ownership

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files and directories be owned by your specific user cPanel user. If you have made changes to the file ownership on your own through SSH please reset the Owner and Group appropriately.

File and Directory Permissions

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files such as HTML, Images, and other media to have a permission mode of 644. The server also expects the permission mode on directories to be set to 755 in most cases.

(See the Section on Understanding Filesystem Permissions.)

Command Syntax Errors in .htaccess file

In the .htaccess file, you may have added lines that are conflicting with each other or that are not allowed.

If you would like to check a specific rule in your .htaccess file you can comment that specific line in the .htaccess by adding # to the beginning of the line. You should always make a backup of this file before you start making changes.

For example, if the .htaccess looks like

DirectoryIndex default.html
AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Then try something like this

DirectoryIndex default.html
#AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Note: Due to the way in which the server environments are setup you may not use php_value arguments in a .htaccess file.

Exceeded Process Limits

It is possible that this error is caused by having too many processes in the server queue for your individual account. Every account on our server may only have 25 simultaneous processes active at any point in time whether they are related to your site or other processes owned by your user such as mail.

ps faux

Or type this to view a specific user's account (be sure to replace username with the actual username):

ps faux |grep username

Once you have the process ID ("pid"), type this to kill the specific process (be sure to replace pid with the actual process ID):

kill pid

Your web host will be able to advise you on how to avoid this error if it is caused by process limitations. Please contact your web host. Be sure to include the steps needed to see the 500 error on your site.

Understanding Filesystem Permissions

Symbolic Representation

The first character indicates the file type and is not related to permissions. The remaining nine characters are in three sets, each representing a class of permissions as three characters. The first set represents the user class. The second set represents the group class. The third set represents the others class.

Each of the three characters represent the read, write, and execute permissions:

  • r if reading is permitted, - if it is not.
  • w if writing is permitted, - if it is not.
  • x if execution is permitted, - if it is not.

The following are some examples of symbolic notation:

  • -rwxr-xr-x a regular file whose user class has full permissions and whose group and others classes have only the read and execute permissions.
  • crw-rw-r-- a character special file whose user and group classes have the read and write permissions and whose others class has only the read permission.
  • dr-x------ a directory whose user class has read and execute permissions and whose group and others classes have no permissions.

Numeric Representation

Another method for representing permissions is an octal (base-8) notation as shown. This notation consists of at least three digits. Each of the three rightmost digits represents a different component of the permissions: user, group, and others.

Each of these digits is the sum of its component bits As a result, specific bits add to the sum as it is represented by a numeral:

  • The read bit adds 4 to its total (in binary 100),
  • The write bit adds 2 to its total (in binary 010), and
  • The execute bit adds 1 to its total (in binary 001).

These values never produce ambiguous combinations. each sum represents a specific set of permissions. More technically, this is an octal representation of a bit field – each bit references a separate permission, and grouping 3 bits at a time in octal corresponds to grouping these permissions by user, group, and others.

Permission mode 0755

4+2+1=7
Read, Write, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute

Permission mode 0644

4+2=6
Read, Write
4
Read
4
Read

How to modify your .htaccess file

The .htaccess file contains directives (instructions) that tell the server how to behave in certain scenarios and directly affect how your website functions.

Redirects and rewriting URLs are two very common directives found in a .htaccess file, and many scripts such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento add directives to the .htaccess so those scripts can function.

It is possible that you may need to edit the .htaccess file at some point, for various reasons.This section covers how to edit the file in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(You may need to consult other articles and resources for that information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a .htaccess File

  • Edit the file on your computer and upload it to the server via FTP
  • Use an FTP program's Edit Mode
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit a .htaccess file for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit .htaccess files in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the .htaccess file in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the .htaccess File

  1. Right click on the .htaccess file and click Code Edit from the menu. Alternatively, you can click on the icon for the .htaccess file and then click on the Code Editor icon at the top of the page.
  2. A dialogue box may appear asking you about encoding. Just click Edit to continue. The editor will open in a new window.
  3. Edit the file as needed.
  4. Click Save Changes in the upper right hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

How to modify file and directory permissions

The permissions on a file or directory tell the server how in what ways it should be able to interact with a file or directory.

This section covers how to edit the file permissions in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(See the section on what you can do for more information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a File Permissions

  • Use an FTP program
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit file permissions for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit file permissions in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the file or directory in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the Permissions

  1. Right click on the file or directory and click Change Permissions from the menu.
  2. A dialogue box should appear allowing you to select the correct permissions or use the numerical value to set the correct permissions.
  3. Edit the file permissions as needed.
  4. Click Change Permissions in the lower left hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

Top of Page Top of Page

Gameznet Feature
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Look out for more random features on other pages.

500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

ERROR 500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

Why am I seeing this page?

500 errors usually mean that the server has encountered an unexpected condition that prevented it from fulfilling the request made by the client. This is a general error class returned by a web server when it encounters a problem in which the server itself can not be more specific about the error condition in its response to the client.

In many cases this is not an indication of an actual problem with the server itself but rather a problem with the information the server has been instructed to access or return as a result of the request. This error is often caused by an issue on your site which may require additional review by your web host.

Please contact your web host for further assistance.

Is there anything that I can do?

There are a few common causes for this error code including problems with the individual script that may be executed upon request. Some of these are easier to spot and correct than others.

File and Directory Ownership

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files and directories be owned by your specific user cPanel user. If you have made changes to the file ownership on your own through SSH please reset the Owner and Group appropriately.

File and Directory Permissions

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files such as HTML, Images, and other media to have a permission mode of 644. The server also expects the permission mode on directories to be set to 755 in most cases.

(See the Section on Understanding Filesystem Permissions.)

Command Syntax Errors in .htaccess file

In the .htaccess file, you may have added lines that are conflicting with each other or that are not allowed.

If you would like to check a specific rule in your .htaccess file you can comment that specific line in the .htaccess by adding # to the beginning of the line. You should always make a backup of this file before you start making changes.

For example, if the .htaccess looks like

DirectoryIndex default.html
AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Then try something like this

DirectoryIndex default.html
#AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Note: Due to the way in which the server environments are setup you may not use php_value arguments in a .htaccess file.

Exceeded Process Limits

It is possible that this error is caused by having too many processes in the server queue for your individual account. Every account on our server may only have 25 simultaneous processes active at any point in time whether they are related to your site or other processes owned by your user such as mail.

ps faux

Or type this to view a specific user's account (be sure to replace username with the actual username):

ps faux |grep username

Once you have the process ID ("pid"), type this to kill the specific process (be sure to replace pid with the actual process ID):

kill pid

Your web host will be able to advise you on how to avoid this error if it is caused by process limitations. Please contact your web host. Be sure to include the steps needed to see the 500 error on your site.

Understanding Filesystem Permissions

Symbolic Representation

The first character indicates the file type and is not related to permissions. The remaining nine characters are in three sets, each representing a class of permissions as three characters. The first set represents the user class. The second set represents the group class. The third set represents the others class.

Each of the three characters represent the read, write, and execute permissions:

  • r if reading is permitted, - if it is not.
  • w if writing is permitted, - if it is not.
  • x if execution is permitted, - if it is not.

The following are some examples of symbolic notation:

  • -rwxr-xr-x a regular file whose user class has full permissions and whose group and others classes have only the read and execute permissions.
  • crw-rw-r-- a character special file whose user and group classes have the read and write permissions and whose others class has only the read permission.
  • dr-x------ a directory whose user class has read and execute permissions and whose group and others classes have no permissions.

Numeric Representation

Another method for representing permissions is an octal (base-8) notation as shown. This notation consists of at least three digits. Each of the three rightmost digits represents a different component of the permissions: user, group, and others.

Each of these digits is the sum of its component bits As a result, specific bits add to the sum as it is represented by a numeral:

  • The read bit adds 4 to its total (in binary 100),
  • The write bit adds 2 to its total (in binary 010), and
  • The execute bit adds 1 to its total (in binary 001).

These values never produce ambiguous combinations. each sum represents a specific set of permissions. More technically, this is an octal representation of a bit field – each bit references a separate permission, and grouping 3 bits at a time in octal corresponds to grouping these permissions by user, group, and others.

Permission mode 0755

4+2+1=7
Read, Write, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute

Permission mode 0644

4+2=6
Read, Write
4
Read
4
Read

How to modify your .htaccess file

The .htaccess file contains directives (instructions) that tell the server how to behave in certain scenarios and directly affect how your website functions.

Redirects and rewriting URLs are two very common directives found in a .htaccess file, and many scripts such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento add directives to the .htaccess so those scripts can function.

It is possible that you may need to edit the .htaccess file at some point, for various reasons.This section covers how to edit the file in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(You may need to consult other articles and resources for that information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a .htaccess File

  • Edit the file on your computer and upload it to the server via FTP
  • Use an FTP program's Edit Mode
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit a .htaccess file for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit .htaccess files in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the .htaccess file in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the .htaccess File

  1. Right click on the .htaccess file and click Code Edit from the menu. Alternatively, you can click on the icon for the .htaccess file and then click on the Code Editor icon at the top of the page.
  2. A dialogue box may appear asking you about encoding. Just click Edit to continue. The editor will open in a new window.
  3. Edit the file as needed.
  4. Click Save Changes in the upper right hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

How to modify file and directory permissions

The permissions on a file or directory tell the server how in what ways it should be able to interact with a file or directory.

This section covers how to edit the file permissions in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(See the section on what you can do for more information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a File Permissions

  • Use an FTP program
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit file permissions for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit file permissions in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the file or directory in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the Permissions

  1. Right click on the file or directory and click Change Permissions from the menu.
  2. A dialogue box should appear allowing you to select the correct permissions or use the numerical value to set the correct permissions.
  3. Edit the file permissions as needed.
  4. Click Change Permissions in the lower left hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.



Gameznet's Special Interest Spotlight

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500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

ERROR 500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

Why am I seeing this page?

500 errors usually mean that the server has encountered an unexpected condition that prevented it from fulfilling the request made by the client. This is a general error class returned by a web server when it encounters a problem in which the server itself can not be more specific about the error condition in its response to the client.

In many cases this is not an indication of an actual problem with the server itself but rather a problem with the information the server has been instructed to access or return as a result of the request. This error is often caused by an issue on your site which may require additional review by your web host.

Please contact your web host for further assistance.

Is there anything that I can do?

There are a few common causes for this error code including problems with the individual script that may be executed upon request. Some of these are easier to spot and correct than others.

File and Directory Ownership

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files and directories be owned by your specific user cPanel user. If you have made changes to the file ownership on your own through SSH please reset the Owner and Group appropriately.

File and Directory Permissions

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files such as HTML, Images, and other media to have a permission mode of 644. The server also expects the permission mode on directories to be set to 755 in most cases.

(See the Section on Understanding Filesystem Permissions.)

Command Syntax Errors in .htaccess file

In the .htaccess file, you may have added lines that are conflicting with each other or that are not allowed.

If you would like to check a specific rule in your .htaccess file you can comment that specific line in the .htaccess by adding # to the beginning of the line. You should always make a backup of this file before you start making changes.

For example, if the .htaccess looks like

DirectoryIndex default.html
AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Then try something like this

DirectoryIndex default.html
#AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Note: Due to the way in which the server environments are setup you may not use php_value arguments in a .htaccess file.

Exceeded Process Limits

It is possible that this error is caused by having too many processes in the server queue for your individual account. Every account on our server may only have 25 simultaneous processes active at any point in time whether they are related to your site or other processes owned by your user such as mail.

ps faux

Or type this to view a specific user's account (be sure to replace username with the actual username):

ps faux |grep username

Once you have the process ID ("pid"), type this to kill the specific process (be sure to replace pid with the actual process ID):

kill pid

Your web host will be able to advise you on how to avoid this error if it is caused by process limitations. Please contact your web host. Be sure to include the steps needed to see the 500 error on your site.

Understanding Filesystem Permissions

Symbolic Representation

The first character indicates the file type and is not related to permissions. The remaining nine characters are in three sets, each representing a class of permissions as three characters. The first set represents the user class. The second set represents the group class. The third set represents the others class.

Each of the three characters represent the read, write, and execute permissions:

  • r if reading is permitted, - if it is not.
  • w if writing is permitted, - if it is not.
  • x if execution is permitted, - if it is not.

The following are some examples of symbolic notation:

  • -rwxr-xr-x a regular file whose user class has full permissions and whose group and others classes have only the read and execute permissions.
  • crw-rw-r-- a character special file whose user and group classes have the read and write permissions and whose others class has only the read permission.
  • dr-x------ a directory whose user class has read and execute permissions and whose group and others classes have no permissions.

Numeric Representation

Another method for representing permissions is an octal (base-8) notation as shown. This notation consists of at least three digits. Each of the three rightmost digits represents a different component of the permissions: user, group, and others.

Each of these digits is the sum of its component bits As a result, specific bits add to the sum as it is represented by a numeral:

  • The read bit adds 4 to its total (in binary 100),
  • The write bit adds 2 to its total (in binary 010), and
  • The execute bit adds 1 to its total (in binary 001).

These values never produce ambiguous combinations. each sum represents a specific set of permissions. More technically, this is an octal representation of a bit field – each bit references a separate permission, and grouping 3 bits at a time in octal corresponds to grouping these permissions by user, group, and others.

Permission mode 0755

4+2+1=7
Read, Write, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute

Permission mode 0644

4+2=6
Read, Write
4
Read
4
Read

How to modify your .htaccess file

The .htaccess file contains directives (instructions) that tell the server how to behave in certain scenarios and directly affect how your website functions.

Redirects and rewriting URLs are two very common directives found in a .htaccess file, and many scripts such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento add directives to the .htaccess so those scripts can function.

It is possible that you may need to edit the .htaccess file at some point, for various reasons.This section covers how to edit the file in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(You may need to consult other articles and resources for that information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a .htaccess File

  • Edit the file on your computer and upload it to the server via FTP
  • Use an FTP program's Edit Mode
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit a .htaccess file for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit .htaccess files in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the .htaccess file in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the .htaccess File

  1. Right click on the .htaccess file and click Code Edit from the menu. Alternatively, you can click on the icon for the .htaccess file and then click on the Code Editor icon at the top of the page.
  2. A dialogue box may appear asking you about encoding. Just click Edit to continue. The editor will open in a new window.
  3. Edit the file as needed.
  4. Click Save Changes in the upper right hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

How to modify file and directory permissions

The permissions on a file or directory tell the server how in what ways it should be able to interact with a file or directory.

This section covers how to edit the file permissions in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(See the section on what you can do for more information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a File Permissions

  • Use an FTP program
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit file permissions for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit file permissions in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the file or directory in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the Permissions

  1. Right click on the file or directory and click Change Permissions from the menu.
  2. A dialogue box should appear allowing you to select the correct permissions or use the numerical value to set the correct permissions.
  3. Edit the file permissions as needed.
  4. Click Change Permissions in the lower left hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

Link to us and Boost your website Traffic!
Do you need more links and qualified traffic to your Education related website?
linking to quality sites with similar content can dramatically boost your rankings within search engine results
If you have a website related to Education please place a link to us using the following link details:
Links Url: http://gameznet.com.au/education/

Title: Education Zone: An internet portal dedicated to Education


Description:
Education Zone is an internet portal dedicated to exploring everything there is to know about Education, Educational, School, Courses, Teachers, Parents and related topics. Features include picture video and animated gif galleries. Education related downloads and games. Education website reviews, forums, comunity groups, links and news aricles. Comprehensive Education guides for shopping, ebay auctions, movies, toys, merchandies, posters and more. All information and resources are provided free of charge.
( you can also write your own description/summary )


Want us to link to your site?
Have you got a Education related link or resource that is suitable to add to this section?
Submit your Links directly to our comunity Web Links and Top Sites modules
You can even place a "Vote for My Site" link so that your visitors can vote for and comment on your site as a Top Site...
The best links each month will also be featured on this page. Our aim is to get this section of Gameznet (Education Zone) highly ranked in multiple search engines for our targeted keywords and if your site is of a similar theme then you can benefit too! Any links submitted to the Education category of our Web Links and Top Sites will also appear here. We also Hand pick and hard code our favorite Education related links posted to appear permanently on this page so make sure you submit your own ( or just your favorite) Education link details NOW and we may soon be featuring your link submission here at Gameznet's Education Zone






 
 
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